What Are the Main Somatotypes?

Have you ever wondered why you can’t build muscle or lose fat despite eating and training like your favorite pro athlete? The same workout plan will produce different results from different people. Even if you do the same exercises and eat the same food as your best friend, your body will develop differently. This is largely due to your somatotype. So, what are the main somatotypes and how they influence your ability to build muscle?


What Is a Somatotype?


If you’ve been working out for a while, you’ve probably heard about somatotypes. This term refers to the three body types: endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph. Each has unique characteristics and requires a different approach when it comes to fat loss and muscle building.


Somatotyping is based on the body shapes and compositions. This concept became popular during the 1940’s. Each individual has a predetermined genetic makeup that influences its body shape. In other words, your ability to build muscle depends largely on your genes.


Mesomorphs gain muscle easily and carry minimal body fat. Ectomorphs are naturally thin and have a hard time building muscle. Endomorphs carry more body fat than mesomorphs and ectomorphs. They also have a slow metabolism. Each body type has advantages and drawbacks. The key is to find a workout plan that supports your goals and matches your body shape.


body types

The Mesomorph


This somatotype is characterized by a pronounced musculature, broad shoulders, and narrow waists. It’s the most desirable body type. For mesomorphs, it’s easy to build muscle and lose fat. They don’t have to worry too much about calories, or diet all the time. Mesos can get shredded and keep their fat levels low with little effort. They will benefit from most workout routines and diet plans. Since they can train longer and harder than ectomorphs and endomorphs, mesos are excellent candidates for bodybuilding and powerlifting.


The Ectomorph


Most ectomorphs have a skinny body, with long limbs and little body fat. This somatotype is the envy of many women. However, it can be a real nightmare for men, especially those looking to build muscle. The ectomorph has a fast metabolism and can eat plenty of food without having to worry about weight gain. They boast superior aerobic capacities, so it’s a great candidate for endurance sports. The downside is that most people with this body type are ‘hardgainers’, so they need to eat and work out more than others in order to bulk up. Meal frequency and timing is essential for gaining muscle,


The Endomorph


This is the most common body type, featuring a wide waist, sturdy bone structures, and increased physical strength. Endomorphs need to stick to a clean diet and work out regularly to stay fit. They have a tendency to story fat and can get bulky. This body type is ideal for weight lifting and other sports that require explosive strength. A strict diet is crucial for keeping the fat off. For best results, it’s recommended a mix of cardio and strength training along with proper nutrition.